Why Is It Important to Study History? (2023)

Even if you live to be 100, you’ll never run out of new things to learn. From computer science and cryptocurrency to French literature and Spanish grammar, the world is full of knowledge and it’s all at your fingertips. So, why choose history?

Many people study history in high school and come away thinking it’s boring, irrelevant, or both. But as we get older, even just by a few years, we start to see the importance of understanding the past.

Why do we study history?

Why Is It Important to Study History? (1)

We study history because history doesn’t stay behind us. Studying history helps us understand how events in the past made things the way they are today. With lessons from the past, we not only learn about ourselves and how we came to be, but also develop the ability to avoid mistakes and create better paths for our societies.

How does history impact our lives today?

Events in the past have displaced families and groups, changing the makeup of regions and often causing tensions. Such events have also created government systems that have lasted generations beyond when they started. And all of it affects each person alive today.

Take the Great Depression, for example—one of the most difficult but impactful periods in American history. The economic crisis put almost 15 million people out of work and sent countless families into homelessness, stealing their sense of security. Many of those people would feel insecure for the rest of their lives.

(Video) Why is it important to study history?

The government had to learn how to help. This effort gave rise to Social Security, federal emergency relief programs, and funding for unemployment efforts. These changes continue to make life more secure for millions of Americans.

Society today comes from hundreds and thousands of actions like these. The more you learn about how these things happened, the better you understand real life.

What lessons can we learn from history?

History teaches us about things such as:

  • Why some societies thrive while others fail.
  • Why humans have gone to war.
  • How people have changed society for the better.

History isn’t a study of others. The people you learn about may have lived decades or even centuries ago, but their actions directly affect how we live our lives today. Events that seem like dates on a page have been turning points in the story of our societies.

“Historical knowledge is no more and no less than carefully and critically constructed collective memory.” -William H. MacNeill, former president of the American Historical Association

Historical research builds and codifies these stories. When we study history, we learn how we got where we are, and why we live the way we do. It’s the study of us—of humans and our place in an ever changing world. Without it, we wouldn’t understand all of our triumphs and failures, and we would continually repeat patterns without building forward to something better.

As Spanish philosopher George Santayana once said, “Those who cannot remember the past are doomed to repeat it.

How do past events help us understand the present?

Why Is It Important to Study History? (2)

(Video) Why Study History?

The past creates the present. Our modern world exists because of events that happened long before our time. Only by understanding those events can we know how we got here, and where to go next.

1. History helps us understand change

History is full of transitions that have altered the world’s story. When you build your knowledge of history, you understand more about what created our present-day society.

Studying the American civil rights movement shows you how people organize successfully against oppressive systems. Learning about the fall of Rome teaches you that even the most powerful society can fall apart—and what happens to cause that crumbling.

By learning about different eras and their respective events, you start to see what changes might happen in the future and what would drive that change.

2. We learn from past mistakes

History gives us a better understanding of the world and how it operates. When you study a war, you learn more about how conflict escalates. You learn what dilemmas world leaders face and how they respond—and when those decisions lead to better or worse outcomes.

Historical study shows you the warning signs of many kinds of disaster, from genocide to climate inaction. Understanding these patterns will make you a more informed citizen and help you take action effectively.

3. We gain context for the human experience

Before 2020, most Americans hadn’t lived through a global pandemic. The 1918-1919 flu pandemic had faded from the popular picture of history, overshadowed by World War I on its back end and the Roaring 20s that followed.

Yet within months of COVID-19 entering the public awareness, historians and informed private citizens were writing about the flu pandemic again. Stories of a deadly second wave were re-told to warn people against the dangers of travel, and pictures of ancestors in masks re-emerged.

(Video) Why Study History?

Through study of the past, we understand our own lives better. We see patterns as they re-emerge and take solace in the fact that others have gone through similar struggles

How do we study history?

Why Is It Important to Study History? (3)

There are many ways of studying and teaching history. Many people remember high school classes full of memorization—names, dates, and places of major historical events.

Decades ago, that kind of rote learning was important, but things have changed. Today, 60% of the world’s population and 90% of the U.S. population use the internet and can find those facts on demand. Today, learning history is about making connections and understanding not just what happened, but why.

Critical thinking

If you’ve ever served on a jury or read about a court case, you know that reconstructing the facts of the past isn’t a simple process. You have to consider the facts at hand, look at how they’re connected, and draw reasonable conclusions.

Take the fall of Rome, for example. In the Roman Empire’s last years, the central government was unstable yet the empire continued to spend money on expansion. Outside groups like the Huns and Saxons capitalized on that instability and invaded. The empire had split into East and West, further breaking down a sense of unity, and Christianity was replacing the Roman polytheistic religion.

When you become a student of history, you learn how to process facts like these and consider how one event affected the other. An expanding empire is harder to control, and invasions further tax resources. But what caused that instability in the first place? And why did expansion remain so important?

Once you learn how to think this way and ask these kinds of questions, you start engaging more actively with the world around you.

(Video) Why History Matters | Patrick Allitt | TEDxEmory

Finding the “So what?”

The study of history is fascinating, but that’s not the only reason why we do it. Learning the facts and following the thread of a story is just the first step.

The most important question in history is “So what?”.

For instance:

  • Why were the Chinese so successful in maintaining their empire in Asia? Why did that change after the Industrial Revolution?
  • Why was the invasion of Normandy in 1944 a turning point? What would happen if Allied forces hadn’t landed on French beaches?

Studying this way helps you see the relevance and importance of history, while giving you a deeper and more lasting understanding of what happened.

Where can I study history online?

Why Is It Important to Study History? (4)

The quality of your history education matters. You can read about major historical events on hundreds of websites and through YouTube videos, but it’s hard to know if you’re getting the full story. Many secondary sources are hit-or-miss when it comes to quality history teaching.

It’s best to learn history from a reputable educational institution. edX has history courses from some of the world’s top universities including Harvard, Columbia, and Tel Aviv. Explore one-topic in depth or take an overview approach—it’s completely up to you. The whole world is at your fingertips.

  • MOOC.org
  • Articles
  • History
  • MOOC.org
  • Articles
  • Academic
(Video) Why is it important to study history?


Why is it important to study history quizlet? ›

Studying history allows us to learn from past mistakes. We can also learn from people who have contributed to the well-being of their nations and societies. Different groups of people around the world have different cultures. We can learn about their cultures and development by studying history.

What is history in short answer? ›

History is the study of change over time, and it covers all aspects of human society. Political, social, economic, scientific, technological, medical, cultural, intellectual, religious and military developments are all part of history.

Why there is a need to study the world as a student? ›

World history helps us understand other people, their cultures, and how they see the world. 3. The past is one big experiment that helps us make better decisions today.

What is the importance of learning? ›

Learning is important to society as a whole because it helps different groups of people to share knowledge, agree on mutual values, and understand one another better.

Why is it important to study history? ›

Studying history helps us understand how events in the past made things the way they are today. With lessons from the past, we not only learn about ourselves and how we came to be, but also develop the ability to avoid mistakes and create better paths for our societies.

How it is important to study history? ›

The Past Teaches Us About the Present

Because history gives us the tools to analyze and explain problems in the past, it positions us to see patterns that might otherwise be invisible in the present – thus providing a crucial perspective for understanding (and solving!) current and future problems.

What are 5 reasons why history is important? ›

Why Study History? (1998)
  • By Peter N. ...
  • History Helps Us Understand People and Societies. ...
  • History Helps Us Understand Change and How the Society We Live in Came to Be. ...
  • The Importance of History in Our Own Lives. ...
  • History Contributes to Moral Understanding. ...
  • History Provides Identity.

What is history explain in one sentence? ›

A history is an account of events that have happened in the past.

What is the meaning of history and its importance? ›

It is an Inquiry into what happened in the past, when it happened, and how it happened. It is an inquiry into the inevitable changes in human affairs in the past and the ways these changes affect, influence or determine the patterns of life in the society. History is, or should be an attempt to re-think the past.

What are the 10 reasons why we study history? ›

10 Reasons Why History Is Important
  • #1. History builds a better understanding of the world.
  • #2. History helps us understand humanity.
  • #3. History can teach us to be better citizens.
  • #4. History can help the world make better decisions.
  • #5. Studying history can improve critical thinking.
  • #6. ...
  • #7. ...
  • #8.

Why does history is important in the present time? ›

History matters because it helps us as individuals and as societies to understand why our societies are the way they are and what they value. As Professor Penelope J Corfield says: "Why on earth does it matter what happened long ago? The answer is that History is inescapable.

What are the uses of history? ›

Studying history is important because it allows us to understand our past, which in turn allows us to understand our present. Studying history can provide us with insight into our cultures of origin as well as cultures with which we might be less familiar, thereby increasing cross-cultural awareness and understanding.

What is the most important in learning? ›

The experience is the most important part of the learning process. For learning to occur, the learner must do something with the information and reflect on the content throughout the process. To maximize the learning experience, we need to provide opportunities for reflection, both in-action, and on-action.

What is the most important thing when learning? ›

The most important thing is to learn the way to learn. 'Reflection' is quite a big word. You can't just learn new things; you have to look back and make the comparison… 'Optimisation' of my presentation skills.

What is the most important reason for learning? ›

Education provides stability in life, and it's something that no one can ever take away from you. By being well-educated and holding a college degree, you increase your chances for better career opportunities and open up new doors for yourself.

Is it important to study history essay? ›

History helps us understand change. It records and helps people understand successes and failures. Through these studies people can learn about change and how others are affected by it. It shows patterns of behaviour or events in the past and their outcome which can help us avoid similar outcomes in the future.

Why is history important quotes? ›

History is not the past but a map of the past, drawn from a particular point of view, to be useful to the modern traveller.” “History is the story of events, with praise or blame.” “History is the study of all the world's crime.” “History is who we are and why we are the way we are.”

How do you value history? ›

IDENTITY » History nurtures personal identity in an intercultural world. History enables people to discover their own place in the stories of their families, communities, and nation. They learn the stories of the many individuals and groups that have come before them and shaped the world in which they live.

What are the most important things to know about history? ›

8 Historical Facts Every Student Needs to Know
  • The birth of civilization. The first documented civilization in history was in Sumer. ...
  • Democracy. The first democracy was developed in Ancient Greece in the 6th century BC.
  • Invention of paper. ...
  • The Roman Empire. ...
  • The Magna Carta. ...
  • The Black Death. ...
  • The Renaissance. ...
  • World Wars I and II.
Feb 8, 2014

What are the four important factors of history? ›

Four factors are very important from the viewpoint of history. They are- Individuals, Society, Place and time. History must be based on authentic evidence or proofs. These proofs are known as the source of history.

Which is more important in history? ›

Loved by our community. all the events, persons and date are most important. because history is a book of events that happened in ancient periods. also by whom that was happen and when was it happen.so all these are important for a history.

What is history in our life? ›

History is the knowledge of and study of the past. It is the story of the past and a form of collective memory. History is the story of who we are, where we come from, and can potentially reveal where we are headed.

How does history shape who you are? ›

History helps one to understand the immense complexity of our world and therefore enables one to cope with the problems and possibilities of the present and future. History provides us with a sense of identity. People need to develop a sense of their collective past. Events in the past have made us what we are today.

What is a good sentence for history? ›

Use “history” in a sentence

My father is interested in ancient history. They are about to begin a new chapter in their history. Her knowledge of world history is extensive. I like geography and history.

What is the Three importance of history? ›

It gives clear understanding of who you are : history makes you understand your race,lineage and ancestors, it describes ancient people ,cultures and traditions of past generations,All these make your origin clear to you. It develops our sense of judgement: History teaches individuals.

What is the importance of studying history Reddit? ›

To me it is because we have to learn from our past to make better decisions in the future, and we can take things from the past all the time and see what worked and use it in situations today.

What does history mean to you quizlet? ›

History. The study of people and events in the past based on evidence. Historian. A person who studies the past.


2. Why Do We Study History
(Adran Hanes)
3. Why Study History
(Amy Fitzgerald)
4. What is History for?
(The School of Life)
5. Why Do We HAVE To Study HISTORY?!
(Heimler's History)
6. Why Study History?
(Joanna Hayes)


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