When Was The Ac Invented - HvacTalk.net (2023)

Heating Ventilation And Air Conditioning

When Was The First Air Conditioner Invented?

Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning is the use of various technologies to control the temperature, humidity, and purity of the air in an enclosed space. Its goal is to provide thermal comfort and acceptable indoor air quality. HVAC system design is a subdiscipline of mechanical engineering, based on the principles of thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, and heat transfer. “Refrigeration” is sometimes added to the field’s abbreviation as HVAC& R or HVACR, or “ventilation” is dropped, as in HACR .

HVAC is an important part of residential structures such as single family homes, apartment buildings, hotels, and senior living facilities medium to large industrial and office buildings such as skyscrapers and hospitals vehicles such as cars, trains, airplanes, ships and submarines and in marine environments, where safe and healthy building conditions are regulated with respect to temperature and humidity, using fresh air from outdoors.

History Of Residential Air Conditioning

Residential air conditioning is popular now, but that wasnt always the case. As part of our summer blog series on air conditioning, we have put together a timeline of commercial and home air conditioning usage in the United States. Learn when this appliance became a must-have in Louisville KY and across America.

Development Of Air Conditioning

The development of modern air conditioning resulted from advances made in the field of chemistry in the 19th century. The first large-scale modern air conditioning was developed in 1902 by Willis Havilland Carrier. Soon after, the air conditioning system began popping up in the theaters and stores. The term air conditioning was coined by Stuart W Cramer in 1906 when he was exploring for means of adding moisture to the air in his textile mill. The first private home to install air conditioning was constructed 1914 in Minneapolis. It was owned by Charles Gates. The portable, in-window air conditioner was invented in 1945 by Robert Sherman.

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Who Invented The First Air Conditioner And Other Surprising Facts

Anyone thats ever lived in Texas knows that a functioning air conditioner is essential. Every summer we hear news reports of people having heat strokes due to the intense heat that the Dallas area brings us. Oftentimes, these heat strokes are deadly. Your AC unit can literally be the difference between life and death. Anyone who enjoys the comforts of a cool home owes their gratitude to a few men who changed how modern society lives today.

Cooling Air Before Air Conditioning

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Heat is nothing new. Neither is finding ways to deal with it. And evaporation is central to them all.

Why do we sweat? To cool the body. Think about sweating on a hot day. Not pleasant, but the sweat performs a function. As it evaporates off your skin, you feel cooler because it takes heat with it, and the body is cooled. Think of getting out of a pool or shower. As the water evaporates, you feel cool, perhaps even chilly.

Think of a dog panting. As moisture evaporates off its tongue, it takes heat with it and the body is cooled. Have you ever noticed birds standing with their mouth open on a hot day? You guessed it, cooling itself through evaporation.

Ben Franklin, American Inventor

The history of air conditioning goes back at least as far as Benjamin Franklin and 1758. He and chemistry professor John Hadley found that they could freeze water in a beaker by dribbling pure alcohol on the glass while pumping a steady supply of air on the beaker with a bellows. The rapid evaporation caused by the process took so much heat with it, the water in the beaker froze.

British scientist David Faraday performed a similar experiment in 1820 by compressing ammonia and allowing it to evaporate. Freezing temperatures were achieved and the rudimentary principle of evaporative air conditioning was proven.

As you study the history of air conditioning, you will see that compressing refrigerant and then allowing it to evaporate or decompress is the key to air conditioning.

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How Was A/c Invented

Have you ever heard of A/C Appreciation Day? Its July 3rd of every year. Wed like to take the whole month of July to celebrate and tell the story of the history of A/C

Before air conditioning

Before modern air conditioning systems were invented, ancient people still had many helpful tricks for staying cool. For example, they could take a bath in the local river or fan themselves with palm leaves. In ancient Egypt, people would stuff their clothes with dried flowers or herbs to keep cool. Also, in the palace of Pharaoh Amenemhet I and Queen Hatshepsut, they had a particular room that would be filled with saltwater and large urns containing ice during the day, and also a stone slab flooring that had cool water flowing underneath.

As you can imagine, before modern air conditioning, it was mostly the rulers and the wealthiest people who could stay cool. For example, hand fans have existed in China for over 3,000 years, but it was the servants fanning the rich! So how did ordinary people stay cool? Well, if your home had too much of a draft, you could always close the shutters and windows at night. It was common for people in ancient times to sleep on rooftops at night because that was cooler than being inside your house!

The scientific breakthrough

Modern A/Cs

Carrier And His Contribution In Making The Ac

Carrier was the chief engineer of Buffalo Forge Company, based in New York. He was responsible for finding a solution to the humidity problem that ravaged the Sackett-Wilhelms Lithographing & Publishing Company. His task was to find a way to ensure that moisture did not affect the pages of magazines.

He submitted his drawings of the solution and his work became the basis for the modern AC system. He was granted a patent for the first modern air conditioning system. His system was meant to regulate humidity, temperature, air circulation, and ventilation. His was named as the Apparatus for Treating Air.

This apparatus was designed in the form of a spray. It would heat water to dehumidify a room and cool the water to humidify a room. Although the system was successful, he wanted to make it more automatic and keep improving it.

He discovered that he could generate constant relative humidity with constant dew-point depression. He used this discovery to create an automatic control system for which he was granted a patent in 1914.

The Buffalo Forge Company turned into a full manufacturing company in late 1914. Carrier, with six other engineers, left the company to start Carrier Engineering Corporation.

The company survived the war. It merged with York Heating & Ventilating Corporation and Brunswick-Kroeschell Company to create the Carrier Corporation. Willis Carrier was the Chairman of the companys board.

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How Many Homes Have Air Conditioning

1940 Just 1 in 400 US homes had an air conditioner.

1955 1 in 22 homes had at least one air conditioner, or about 4.5%.

1960 The US Census shows that 13% of American homes had AC in at least one room.

1970 The US Census shows that almost 37% of American homes had AC in at least one room.

1980 The Census shows that 57% of US homes had some form of air conditioning.

1993 68% of housing units had air conditioning.

2009 87% of housing had some form of AC.

2016 100 million US homes have central air conditioning, or about 87% of households.

How Does Air Conditioning Impact The Environment

How Air Conditioning Was Invented: A True “Florida Man” Story from SVN Saunders Ralston Dantzler

Air conditioning has a significant impact on the environment. It uses large amounts of energy and produces large amounts of greenhouse gases.

In fact, air conditioning is the fastest growing source of greenhouse gases in the world. Some experts believe that if air conditioning use continues to grow at its current rate, it will soon exceed the emissions from cars and trucks.

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When Was Air Conditioning Invented The History Of Air Conditioning

July 8, 2020 by Eyman Plumbing Staff

When was air conditioning invented? When was the first time someone turned that dial and felt a refreshing blast of cool air? Find out here.

No longer are the days of sitting at the kitchen table, sweating in your seat, and fanning yourself with the closest newspaper. Theres no need to persevere through unbearable heatthats what your A/C is for.

Thats why most Americans have it.

Research shows that 97% of Southern residents have some form of a cooling system, while 91% of Midwestern homes have a cooling unit. Even 65% of the population in Western states own some form of A/C.

But this luxury wasnt always available. When was air conditioning invented? When did we begin to know its chilly convenience?

Although A/C was invented in the early 1900s, it took until 1973 for there to be 50% penetration nationwide. Until then, A/C only remained a privilege for particular households.

Summers right around the corner though, and luckily for you, A/C is now a commonly-used technology. If youre curious about air conditionings inception, weve got a brief history lesson!

Lets get started.

Who Invented The Air Conditioner

  • Time to read: 6 min.

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The appliances that keep us cool and comforted in our homes and offices today look very different from the first air conditioner that was invented back in 1902. It may be impossible to imagine a world with no cooling system in a hospital, grocery store, or even our homes and offices today, but a dinner party in July or working during a heatwave in June was not possible before the air conditioning invention.

These comfort-inducing units that most of us switch on with a beep on the remote control today are complex electromechanical systems that are products of decades of engineering development. Known as one of the 10 greatest mechanical inventions of the 2000s, these cooling machines have a rich and interesting backstory. Lets look into some interesting facts about air conditioning that you may have never known!

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Where Was Air Conditioning Invented

As mentioned above, Carrier invented the first air conditioning system for a printing house known as the Sackett & Wilhelms Lithographing and Publishing Company in Williamsburg, Brooklyn. He was working at the Buffalo Forge Company at the time. Due to extremely humid weather in Brooklyn, the printing house faced major issues with the papers subscription deadlines.

This was because the paper used for printing the magazine, Judge, would absorb so much moisture from the humid air that it expanded and ruined the colored ink on the paper. The humidity in Brooklyn air also did not allow for the ink to dry. Therefore, Brooklyn, America, became the birthplace of the first air conditioning unit in the World.

However, the basic idea of air conditioning has existed for a while way earlier than Carriers invention. Ancient Egyptians have been known to hang wet mats over their doorways. The evaporated water from these wet mats lowered the air temperature in the surroundings. Similarly, the Romans used aqueducts to circulate fresh water through indoor pipes which again had the same cooling effect.

Bringing Comfort To The World

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Willis Carrier recognized early on that climate, comfort and production requirements would determine the value of air conditioning. From the beginning, he began to develop a network of international dealers, distributors and customers. Success with early installations in Europe and Asia were indicators of air conditionings universal application across international borders.

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What Did People Do Before Air Conditioning

Heat, while a mild inconvenience to most these days, was a serious threat when it cant be escaped from. It can lead to heat stroke and other serious issues that could, in fact, be fatal. Thats why humans and animals alike have always found ways to battle against the raging rays of the sun in one way or another. Humans, at least, have certainly had some interesting approaches to facing that issue.

  • Building homes from materials such as stone and concrete, which take longer to heat up
  • Public water fountains
  • Harvesting and storing huge ice blocks, to be brought out during hot summer days
  • Building rooms with high ceilings, leaving plenty of room for heat to rise
  • Adding breezy, shaded front porches and cool napping areas to homes

Many aspects of peoples lives revolved around escaping the heat. All of that changed when one man grew tired of battling mosquitoes and the diseases they carried, and, thousands of miles away, a New York publishing company grew weary of humidity ruining its prints.

Why Is It Called An Air Conditioner

Shortly after Willis Carrier designed his cooling machine, Stuart W. Cramer invented a similar device to add moisture to the stuffy air in his textile plant. Cramer was the first to use the term air conditioning, inspired by the idea of water conditioning, a then-popular textile making process.

But why is it called an air conditioner, not an air cooler? The answer is quite evident: even though AC units have always been used predominantly to cool down air, their dehumidification properties were precisely why Carrier and Cramer set about inventing them. The AC doesnt just cool down the air it conditions it by removing excess moisture, making the atmosphere in your home as comfortable as can be.

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Working At Budapest Telephone Exchange

Tesla moved to Budapest, Hungary, in 1881 to work under Tivadar Puskás at a telegraph company, the Budapest Telephone Exchange. Upon arrival, Tesla realized that the company, then under construction, was not functional, so he worked as a draftsman in the Central Telegraph Office instead. Within a few months, the Budapest Telephone Exchange became functional, and Tesla was allocated the chief electrician position. During his employment, Tesla made many improvements to the Central Station equipment and claimed to have perfected a telephone repeater or amplifier, which was never patented nor publicly described.

History Of The Price Of Air Conditioning

Air-Conditioning Invented In 3100 BCE? Windcatchers Yazd

1920s: The first residential air conditioning systems cost $10,000 to $50,000 in the 1920s. In todays dollars, that is $120,000 to $600,000.

1925 Carrier air conditioning in New Yorks Rivoli Theater costs $65,000.

1930 The GE room cooler AC is offered for $950 at a time when a Ford Model T cost about half that.

1932 The Carrier Atmospheric Cabinet room AC cost $900 plus $500 to install.

1938: The Chrysler Airtemp console-style room air conditioner cost $416. The average hourly wage was 64 cents, the equivalent of 650 hours of work.

Late 1940s The average cost of a window air conditioner is about $400, or $3,500 in 2020 dollars.

1950s Homebuilder National Homes offers central air conditioning as an option for $500.

1953 Automobile manufacturer General Motors offered air conditioning in Cadillac and Oldsmobile models as a $600 option.

1954 GM introduces the All-Weather Eye automobile air conditioning, a $395 option.

1955 The average cost of a room AC was $200 as more manufacturers entered the market.

1966 The average price of a window air conditioner is about $150.

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The Dangers Of Early Refrigerant

Remember how it was proven that volatile liquids would cool down air faster when evaporated? Well, this caused some safety issues with the early models that began using specialized liquids called refrigerants. If the air conditioner leaked or otherwise built pressure, it would, well, explode.

Even if it didnt explode, the resultant gasses were toxic and unsafe to breathe. The use of these dangerous gases went on for a while, but eventually, Freon was invented and trademarked for use in refrigerants. It had all the same properties as the other gases but wouldnt blow up or be a danger to anyone.

Who Invented Air Conditioning

Who hasn’t sung the praises of air conditioning on a sweltering summer day? But who do you have to thank for this refreshing convenience?

The short answer to that question is Willis Carrier, an American engineer credited with inventing the first modern air conditioner. However, the idea of using evaporated water or other liquids to cool off a muggy space far precedes Carrier’s 1902 invention.

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How Does An Ac Work

An air conditioning systems job is to pull in heat from your room and dump it outside your house. However, as simple as that may sound, theres a clever bit of physics and engineering involved. So before you dive into the mechanical function of an air conditioner , you must understand a few basic concepts of thermodynamics.

  • The first law of thermodynamics states that heat can only be transferred from one location to another. One cant just create or dissipate heat out of nowhere. An AC utilizes this principle daily by taking the heat from our rooms and venting it outside of our homes.
  • According to the second law of thermodynamics, heat transfer only occurs from a higher to a lower temperature location, meaning when you have two locations or objects at different temperatures. The hotter location or object cools down, and the colder location or object warms up.

Now that you have a fair idea of how heat transfer happens, lets look at how the four major components of an AC work and provide you with the much-needed cooling on a hot summer day.


The evaporator turns the liquid refrigerant into a gaseous vapor by absorbing heat from your room and moving it to the refrigerant inside its coil. Due to heat absorption, the liquid refrigerant turns into a vapor that is then sent to the condenser. The evaporators temperature is always colder than your room in order to allow heat transfer to the evaporator coil.


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