10+ Characteristics Of Information | Its Importance » Problem Solving Code (2023)

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Problem Solving Code

July 19, 2022

Information is data that is processed in some way to be helpful. It can be processed manually or automatically and may be in any form, such as text, images, numbers, or code.

That’s why it is crucial to know the different characteristics of information. By understanding the characteristics of valuable information, you will be able to identify the type of information you are dealing with and how to best use it.

It can also help you better evaluate the quality of the information, which will better protect you from misinformation.

Table of contents

  • How information is used in today’s world
  • Characteristics of information
  • Accurate
  • Relevant
  • Timely
  • Organized
  • Accessible
  • Reliable
  • Understandable
  • Actionable
  • Complete
  • Comparable
  • Impartiality
  • Credible
  • Clear
  • Concise
  • Consistent

How information is used in today’s world

In today’s modern world, information is used in various ways and plays a vital role in our everyday lives. Here are some ways how data play a crucial role in today’s world:

  • To make decisions: Information plays a vital role whether we are making personal or business decisions. We use processed information to help us make informed decisions that we believe will lead to the best possible outcome.
  • To solve problems: When we encounter an issue, we often turn to information to help us find a solution. We may research online, consult with experts, or look to data to help us understand the problem and find a way to solve it.
  • To learn new things: In today’s world, there is an endless amount of information available at our fingertips. We can use this information to learn new things, whether about a new topic we’re interested in or trying to improve our skills.
  • To sell products and services: Businesses use the information to sell their products and services. They may use the information to create marketing materials or to develop sales strategies.
  • To understand the world: We use the information to help us understand the world around us. We may read the news, listen to the radio, or watch television to learn about what’s happening worldwide. We may also use the information to help us make sense of our lives and experiences.

Overall, it is clear that information is vital in the modern world. Therefore, let’s understand the characteristics of valuable and trustworthy information. This process of extracting the needful information is generally termed data analysis.

Characteristics of information



Information accuracy is an essential characteristic of valuable information and so to the success of any organization. Understanding the sources of quality information and the methods used to collect it can ensure that this information is accurate.

Some of the factors that can impact the accuracy of the information include:

  • The source of information,
  • The methods used to collect the data,
  • And the methods used to manage and store the information.
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Some of the ways to ensure the accuracy of valuable information are :

  • Use data quality tools: These tools help identify and correct information errors.
  • Use data cleansing techniques: These techniques can help identify and remove information inaccuracies.

In addition, organizations can also have policies and procedures in place to further improve the accuracy, reliability and usefulness of the valuable information.



Relevancy is the degree to which a piece of information is valid or applicable to a specific purpose, goal or interest.

And if I talk about the business world, information is currency. The more relevant and timely information, the more valuable to the organization.

The two main factors that majorly contributed to the relevance of the valuable information are – timeliness and accuracy.

Apart from that, Investing in information management systems and staff can also help you ensure data relevancy. Without relevant information, you are operating in the dark; and no doubt, that’s a recipe for disaster.



The value of information decreases as time progresses, which is why timeliness is another essential characteristic of valuable information.

The right information at the right time allows people to make decisions based on the most up-to-date information. This is especially critical in fields like medicine and finance, where even a slight delay can have serious consequences.

In addition, timely information is often more accurate than older information. This is because it has less time to be distorted by human error or bias.

Finally, timely information is more interesting. People are more likely to pay attention to information that is new and relevant to their lives. That is why news outlets always try to break stories as quickly as possible.



Organizing the information is essential because – it helps people understand and find the information they need.

Apart from that, it also helps make decisions quickly, solve problems, and learn new things. Organized information also helps plan and carry out tasks. For example, if you want to bake a cake, you need a recipe.

Organized information is also essential for communication. When communicating with others, we use organized information to share our ideas and thoughts.



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Accessible information ensures that individuals have full access to the information and there is no barrier.

One should put forth measures below to make the information more accessible to the individual. Such as

  • Clean and concise communication: This includes using language that is easy to understand and avoiding hard jargon.
  • Information in multiple formats: This enables the individual to use and access the information that best suits the purpose. For example, information should be available in print, Braille, audio, and digital formats.
  • Access to technology and training: This ensures that individuals have the necessary hardware and software to access information and the skills to use them.



Data quality is the main factor in determining the reliability of the information. Accurate and up-to-date data is more reliable than outdated or inaccurate data. Data that is consistently collected and maintained is also more reliable than sporadic or erratic data.

Reliable information is essential for several reasons. First, it helps make critical decisions. For example, suppose you are considering investing in a company. In that case, you want to research that company thoroughly with accurate information.

Additionally, reliable information can help you avoid making costly mistakes. For instance, if you plan a trip, you will want to consult reliable sources to get the most accurate information about your destination.

Finally, reliable information also gives peace of mind. Knowing that the information you have is reliable help make us feel more confident and secure in making decisions.

There are several ways to determine whether or not the information is reliable.

  • One way is to consult multiple sources, which will help you to cross-check the information and get a more accurate picture.
  • Another way to evaluate the reliability of information is to consider the source. If the information is coming from a reputable source, it is more likely to be accurate.
  • Additionally, you can look for reviews or testimonials from other people who have used the information, which is a helpful way to gauge its accuracy.



Information is only helpful if it is understandable. If information is difficult to interpret or too technical, it is of little use to decision-makers. For information to be legible, it must be clear, concise, and presented in a format that is easy to understand.

Some of the features of understandable information are :

  • Clean: This means information is free of difficult jargon and acronyms and easy to follow. For example, bullet points and lists are often more effective than dense paragraphs.
  • Concise: This means that data should be free of unnecessary details. It should be straight to the point and provide only the most essential information.
  • Easy to understand format: Organized data make it easier to understand. For example, information is organized chronologically or by topic. It should also be represented visually, such as through charts and graphs.



Actionable means that the information must be able to be used to make decisions or take actions. Information that is not actionable is effectively useless.

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There are a few reasons why actionable information is so crucial. They are :

  • Help make actionable decisions: When we have actionable information, we can weigh the pros and cons of different options and make the best decision possible. Without actionable data, we are effectively operating in the dark and are much more likely to make bad decisions.
  • Help analyze whether a decision is correct or not: If we make a decision without actionable information, we have no way of knowing if it was the right decision. With actionable data, we can look back and see if our decision was the right one. If it wasn’t, we can learn from our mistakes and make a better decisions next time.
  • Help take effective action: Finally, and perhaps most importantly, actionable information allows us to take effective action. Without actionable information, it is not easy to take effective action. We might be able to take some action, but it is likely ineffective.



While it is not always possible to have complete information, it is essential to strive for it. When making decisions, it is vital to have all relevant and comprehensive information to make the best possible decision. Incomplete information can lead to bad decisions that can have serious consequences.

There are several ways to ensure that information is complete.

  • One is to source information from reliable sources, which means checking that the data comes from a reputable source with a good track record of accuracy.
  • Another way to ensure completeness is to ensure the information is well-organized, which means making sure that it is easy to find and understand.
  • Finally, it is also essential to ensure that the information covers all of the crucial aspects of the topic. This means looking at the data from multiple angles and considering all possible implications.



Comparable information allows us to see relationships between pieces of information. It is an essential characteristic of information because it lets us see how our knowledge stacks up against other details.

Another reason comparable information is essential is that it allows us to make well-informed comparisons. For example, let’s look at two pieces of information, one in grams and the other in kilograms. We can quickly see that the first information holds more weight. As the gram value is more precise, there might be no rounding off errors.



Impartiality ensures that the information is objective and not biased. There are various factors that introduce biases in the information. When data is impartial, it is free from personal opinions or agendas, allowing one to make decisions based on facts rather than personal preferences.

This is especially important when making decisions that could significantly impact people’s lives, such as when choosing a medical treatment or investing in a company.

Therefore impartiality is essential to ensure that the information people receive is accurate and objective.



Credibility refers to the believability of the source of information. The source must be trustworthy and have an excellent reputation to call information credible.

The credibility of a source is important because it helps to determine the value of the information. If the source is not credible, then the data is not likely to be accurate or reliable. Credible sources are more likely to provide accurate and reliable information because they have a reputation to uphold.

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There are many ways to evaluate the credibility of a source.

  • One way is to look at the credentials of the source.
  • Another way is to look at the track record of the source.
  • A third way is to look at the reviews of the source.



The data must be easy to understand and free of ambiguity for information to be clear. Which intern help makes a well-informed decision.

There are many reasons why clear information is important.

  • First, clear information is essential for effective communication.
  • Second, clear information is necessary for making the right decisions. If the information is unclear, it will be challenging to make decisions.
  • Third, clear information is important for avoiding errors. If the information is unclear, it is more likely that it will lead to big mistakes.
  • Fourth, clear information is necessary for efficiency. If the information is unclear, it will take longer to understand and use, leading to wasted time and resources.
  • Finally, clear information is important for building trust. If the information is unclear, it will be difficult for anyone to trust the data and the source.

Overall, clear information is essential for effective communication, decision-making, avoiding errors, and building trust. It is important to ensure the data is clear before sharing it with others.



In today’s world, we can constantly collect information from various sources. But, To sift through all of this information and find what is relevant to us can be tedious; therefore, it is important to identify concise information.

Concise information is information that is straight to the point, easy to understand and free of unnecessary details.

There are a few reasons why concise information is so important.

  • First, it saves time. When we quickly identify the needed information, we save time.
  • Second, concise information is easier to remember. When data is clear and concise, it is easier for our brains to process and store. Which is why concise information is often more memorable than information that is overly complicated to understand.
  • Finally, concise information is more likely to be accurate. When data is clear and concise, it is easier to check for accuracy, which is essential when relying on information to make decisions.



Consistent data is necessary to ensure that information is accurate, reliable and complete. Inconsistent data can lead to inaccurate information, which in turn leads to incorrect decisions making.

There are several ways to make data consistent.

  • One way is to ensure that all data is in the same format. For that, one can make use of standardized data entry procedures.
  • Another way to ensure data consistency is to use data validation techniques. Data validation is the process of checking data for accuracy and completeness.

Data consistency ensures that information is complete and trustworthy to make any decision. Inconsistent data can lead to inaccurate information and incorrect choices or judgments.


What are the 4 important components to show in problem-solving? ›

People who can define problems, consider options, make choices, and implement a plan have all the basic skills required for effective problem solving.

What are the five common and important characteristics of problem-solving? ›

Five common and important characteristics to consider are task difficulty, number of possible solutions, group member interest in problem, group member familiarity with problem, and the need for solution acceptance (Adams & Galanes, 2009).

What are the 5 principles to help in problem-solving information and tips? ›

5-steps to Problem Solving
  • Define the problem.
  • Gather information.
  • Generate possible solutions.
  • Evaluate ideas and then choose one.
  • Evaluate.
Aug 30, 2012

What are the 7 characteristics of a good problem? ›

Fundamentals of Educational Research
  • The Problem Can Be Stated Clearly and Concisely. ...
  • The Problem Generates Research Questions. ...
  • It Is Grounded in Theory. ...
  • It Relates to One or More Academic Fields of Study. ...
  • It Has a Base in the Research Literature. ...
  • It Has Potential Significance/importance.
Feb 10, 2017

What are the six characteristics of good problem-solving? ›

Six Characteristics of Problem-Solving Team Leaders
  • Define the problem.
  • Generate options.
  • Evaluate and choose an option.
  • Implement the solution.
Apr 23, 2019

What are the 4 basic steps in problem solving? ›

Make sure that you read the question carefully several times. Step 2: Devise a plan (translate). Step 3: Carry out the plan (solve). Step 4: Look back (check and interpret).

What are the 3 important contents elements of a problem? ›

Problem statements often have three elements: the problem itself, stated clearly and with enough contextual detail to establish why it is important; the method of solving the problem, often stated as a claim or a working thesis; the purpose, statement of objective and scope of the document the writer is preparing.

What are the 4 problem solving skills? ›

Problem-solving is a complex skill. It involves critical thinking, decision-making, creativity, and information processing.

What are the 7 problem solving techniques? ›

What are problem solving skills?
  • Identify and define the problem.
  • Come up with possible solutions.
  • Evaluate the options.
  • Choose the best solution.
  • Implement the solution.
  • Evaluate the outcome.
Nov 3, 2021

What is most important in problem solving? ›

Dependability. Dependability is one of the most important skills for problem-solvers. Solving problems in a timely manner is essential. Employers highly value individuals they can trust to both identify and then implement solutions as fast and effectively as possible.

What are the 3 types of problem solving strategies list and explain? ›

Reduction – adapting the problem to be as similar problems where a solution exists. Research – using existing knowledge or solutions to similar problems to solve the problem. Root cause analysis – trying to identify the cause of the problem.

What are 5 important stages of problem-solving list them below? ›

5 Steps to Better Problem-Solving
  • Step 1: Identify the Problem. As obvious as it may sound, the first step in the problem-solving process is to identify the root of the issue. ...
  • Step 2: Generate potential solutions. ...
  • Step 3: Choose one solution. ...
  • Step 4: Implement the solution you've chosen. ...
  • Step 5: Evaluate results.
Jul 29, 2020

What are the 5 components required to define a problem explain? ›

A problem consists of five parts: The state space, an initial situation, actions, a goal test, and path costs. A path from an initial state to a goal state is a solution.

What are the 4 characteristics of a good research questions? ›

In general, however, a good research question should be:
  • Clear and focused. In other words, the question should clearly state what the writer needs to do.
  • Not too broad and not too narrow. ...
  • Not too easy to answer. ...
  • Not too difficult to answer. ...
  • Researchable. ...
  • Analytical rather than descriptive.

What are the 8 problem-solving strategies? ›

8-Step Problem Solving Process
  • Step 1: Define the Problem. What is the problem? ...
  • Step 2: Clarify the Problem. ...
  • Step 3: Define the Goals. ...
  • Step 4: Identify Root Cause of the Problem. ...
  • Step 5: Develop Action Plan. ...
  • Step 6: Execute Action Plan. ...
  • Step 7: Evaluate the Results. ...
  • Step 8: Continuously Improve.

What are the 9 problem-solving skills? ›

28) identified nine key problem-solving skills leaders employ to address problems: problem definition, cause/goal analysis, constraint analysis, planning, forecasting, creative thinking, idea evaluation, wisdom, and sensemaking/visioning.

What is the 6 step problem-solving process? ›

Define the problem, brainstorm solutions, analyze your options, choose a solution, create a plan and then evaluate your plan, as this is a simple, step-by-step way to overcome business challenges and obstacles.

What is problem-solving techniques? ›

Those steps are: Define the problem. List all the possible solutions. Evaluate the options. Select the best solution.

What is the problem solving method? ›

Problem Solving Method Definition

Problem solving is the process of identifying an existing problem, determining the root cause or causes of the problem, deciding the best course of action in order to solve the problem, and then finally implementing it to solve the problem.

What is problem-solving strategies? ›

What are problem-solving strategies? A problem-solving strategy is a plan used to find a solution or overcome a challenge. Each problem-solving strategy includes multiple steps to provide you with helpful guidelines on how to resolve a business problem or industry challenge.

What are the 3 steps to defining a problem? ›

That is, we must first understand the problem, then we think of strategies that might help solve the problem, and finally we implement those strategies and see where they lead us.

What are the 4 elements of problem solving determine the role of these elements on how the learners processes cognitive thinking? ›

There are four major elements: analysis, synthe- sis, generation and decision making. Some authors use these terms synonymously with "problem- solving." For example, Riggs (1968) uses the term decision-making to mean our word problem solving.

What is a good problem statement example? ›

Example: The average customer service on-hold time for XYZ company exceeds five minutes during both its busy and slow seasons. This can be used to describe a current pain point within an organization that may need to be addressed.

What are the 3 skills of problem solving? ›

Problem-solving includes three main parts: identifying the problem, analyzing possible solutions, and deciding on the best course of action.

What are the 3 key attributes of a good problem solver? ›

3 key attributes of a good problem solver are persistence, intellegince, and empathy. Persistence is crucial to remain motivated to work through challenges. Inellegince is needed to make smart, informed choices. Empathy is crucial to maintain positive relationships with others as well as yourself.

What is the most important first step in solving a problem? ›

The first step in effective problem-solving is to identify the real problem you are trying to solve. Rarely is the presenting problem the real problem. If employees are not following a procedure, chances are good the problem is not with the employee.

How can I improve my problem-solving skills at work? ›

Problem-Solving: A Step by Step Approach
  1. Identify the problem? There is no better starting point than defining what it is that needs to be fixed. ...
  2. Determine the Root Causes. ...
  3. Find Multiple Solutions. ...
  4. Find the Solution that will Work Best. ...
  5. Plan and Implement Your Solution. ...
  6. Measure the Success of Your Solution.

Why is basic problem-solving important? ›

Problem-solving enables us to identify and exploit opportunities in the environment and exert (some level of) control over the future. Problem solving skills and the problem-solving process are a critical part of daily life both as individuals and organizations.

What are the 2 basic problem-solving techniques? ›

Tips for more effective problem solving
  • Clearly define the problem.
  • Don't jump to conclusions.
  • Try different approaches.
  • Don't take it personally.
  • Get the right people in the room.
  • Document everything.
  • Bring a facilitator.
  • Develop your problem-solving skills.
May 20, 2022

What are the five most common methods in problem-solving? ›

Once you know where you're at and where you need to end up, these 5 steps will take you from Point A to Point B:
  • Figure out what's causing the problem. ...
  • Come up with a few viable solutions. ...
  • Choose the best option. ...
  • Put your chosen solution to work. ...
  • Evaluate your outcome.
Jul 2, 2020

What are the 12 steps of the problem solving decision making process? ›

12 approaches to problem-solving
  • Define the problem.
  • Identify possible causes.
  • Brainstorm options to solve the problem.
  • Select an option.
  • Create an implementation plan.
  • Execute the plan and monitor the results.
  • Evaluate the solution.
Feb 3, 2023

What is an example of problem solving skills? ›

For example, in customer service you might find a scenario like, “How would you handle an angry customer?” or “How do you respond when a customer asks for a refund?” Practicing how you might handle these or other scenarios common in your industry can help you call upon solutions quickly when they arise on the job.

What are the basic types of problem solving? ›

Problem solving has two major domains: mathematical problem solving and personal problem solving. Both are seen in terms of some difficulty or barrier that is encountered. Empirical research shows many different strategies and factors influence everyday problem solving.

What is characteristics of a problem? ›

Some of the main key features of a problem are given below. Is the problem decomposable into set of sub problems? Can the solution step be ignored or undone? Is the problem universally predictable?

What are the types of problems in problem-solving? ›

There are two different types of problems: ill-defined and well-defined; different approaches are used for each. Well-defined problems have specific end goals and clearly expected solutions, while ill-defined problems do not. Well-defined problems allow for more initial planning than ill-defined problems.

What are the three characteristics of a problem statement? ›

Problem statements often have three elements: the problem itself, stated clearly and with enough contextual detail to establish why it is important; the method of solving the problem, often stated as a claim or a working thesis; the purpose, statement of objective and scope of the document the writer is preparing.

What are the four characteristics of problem-solving? ›

Problem solving is the act of defining a problem; determining the cause of the problem; identifying, prioritizing, and selecting alternatives for a solution; and implementing a solution.

What are the common characteristics of problem-based learning? ›

  • Activity is grounded in a general question about a problem that has multiple possible answers and methods for addressing the question. ...
  • Learning is student-centered; the teacher acts as facilitator. ...
  • Students work collaboratively towards addressing the general question.
Feb 27, 2021

What are the 7 problem-solving techniques? ›

What are problem solving skills?
  • Identify and define the problem.
  • Come up with possible solutions.
  • Evaluate the options.
  • Choose the best solution.
  • Implement the solution.
  • Evaluate the outcome.
Nov 3, 2021

What is problem-solving learning? ›

Problem-based learning (PBL) is a student-centered approach in which students learn about a subject by working in groups to solve an open-ended problem. This problem is what drives the motivation and the learning.

What is the qualities and characteristics associated with solving problem using facts? ›

Analytical skills are qualities and characteristics associated with solving problems using facts.

What are the advantages of problem-solving method? ›

Problem-solving is important both to individuals and organizations because it enables us to exert control over our environment.
  • Fixing things that are broken. Some things wear out and break over time, others are flawed from day-1. ...
  • Addressing risk. ...
  • Improving performance. ...
  • Seizing opportunity.

What is a good quality problem statement? ›

A good problem statement should be: Concise – The simpler your problem statement, the clearer the outcome. A reader of the project statement should be able to say, “YES, I UNDERSTAND IT!” on the first read. Specific – The problem statement should be precise, to the point, and should convey directly to the reader.

Which one indicates a good characteristic of a statement of the problem? ›

Characteristics of a research problem statement

It must address the gap in knowledge. It must be significant to the extent that it contributes positively to the research. It must help in further research. The collected empirical data confirm the clarity and understandability of the research problem.


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